What is artificial insemination?

Artificial insemination is a means of inserting sperm harvested from a male into the cervix or uterus of a female, with the intent of conception sans intercourse.

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History

Though most tend to think that artificial insemination is a miracle of modern science, it has a history of documented use dating back to 1677. The invention of the microscope allowed the scientific community to identify spermatozoa for the first time, and in Italy in 1780 priest Lazzaro Spallanzani conducted several experiments on canine subjects. He discovered that actual physical contact between the egg and sperm needed to occur in order to achieve conception, contrary to previous scientific thinking.

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Methods and Procedures

There are two main types of artificial insemination, AIH (artificial insemination by husband) and AID (artificial insemination by donor). When a couple decides to use artificial insemination, the woman must begin carefully monitoring her menstrual cycle with the help of her physician. Ovulation kids, ultrasounds and blood tests are often used in order to establish the exact time of ovum release. If the woman's partner is providing the sperm, he must refrain from ejaculating for several days beforehand.

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Candidacy Determination

A fertility specialist is essential in diagnosing any conditions and will be best able to determine if a patient is a proper candidate for the artificial insemination procedure.

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Success Rates

As long as the recipient is in good health, the average success rate of successful conception using artificial insemination on any given attempt is 11%, with some clinics seeing a rate as high as 30%.

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